UNYemen.com / by Harriet Dedman

This week, for me, has been largely based out of the UN Headquarters, as the UNYemen team continue to monitor the ongoing civil war in Yemen.

As the world's leaders convene on 2015's General Assembly in New York, we take to the streets of the City to document the growing agitation within the Yemeni community here, as they look back on their homeland - and the ensuing humanitarian crisis.

For full coverage of the events - from inside and outside the UN - check out our new initiative www.unyemen.com

(c) Harriet Dedman. Yemeni protesters outside the UN, 28 September 2015.

Brief history of the conflict:

The modern Republic of Yemen was formed in 1990 after 18 years of civil war. Regional tensions re-emerged in 2009 with clashes between the government and Houthi - a rebel Zaidi Shia militia - from northern Yemen.

On February 2011, after the Tunisian and Egyptian uprising, thousands of Yemenis gathered in the capital of Yemen, Sana'a, protesting against corruption, and demanding the president Saleh to resign. By the end of the same year, Gulf countries proposed an initiative to solve the conflict in Yemen with a smooth transition of power. Yemeni parties signed the initiative in Riyadh November 2011. 

The Houthi rebellion, or the Sa'dah War, escalated in September 2014, when the rebels seized control of the nation's capital, Sana'a. The Zaidi Shia rebels have established a transitional presidential council and continue to advance south. Yemeni President, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, fled from Sana'a in February. Mr Hadi is supported in southern Yemen, which is predominantly Sunni. Both Hadi and Houthi are opposed by al-Qaeda - who retain a significant presence within the country.

In March 2015, Saudi Arabia launched air strikes against Houthi targets, initiating an advance on the capital, in conjunction with pro-Hadi security forces. Saudi Arabia has coordinated a coalition of other nations - including Egypt, Jordan, UAE, Sudan and Bahrain - to support its intervention. 

The fighting continues.